The first ever 3d-printed concrete house in the Netherlands is about to have new Tenants as Elize Luts and Harrie Dekkers are looking to move into the structure in August. However, this relocation is only temporary as their tenancy is set to last six months, most likely due to experimental and safety reasons as this is the first ever commercial use of a 3d-printed house.
The house itself is a single story home that has an excess of 1,000 square feet of floor area, whose composition is made of 24 concrete elements that were printed layer by layer at the plant in Eindhoven. The elements themselves were then transported to the building site to set the foundation of the structure.
The printing process took around a year whereas the painting only consisted of 120 hours. The printer followed the usual procedure of a 3d printer by melting specialized plastic into the desired object that was to be printed. However, there was the inclusion of a robot with a mechanical arm that can lay mortar in different patterns. The remainder of the construction process ,according to the project backers/funders, was completed through a “trial and error” method until the construction was perfected and ready for use.
The construction of 3D-printed houses seems to be presenting various advantages for those interested. For one, 3D-printed construction tends to be less time-consuming and also less expensive for those building the home. As a result, this opportunity cost has already begun to attract the attention of investors and builders all around the world as more and more 3D-printed houses have begun to appear.
Additionally, the process of printing requires less concrete than the standard form of construction, which as a result makes it more sustainable and efficient. For example, in New York, the first printed home hit the market for sale at around $299,000 which consisted of a single-story 1,400 square foot space. In Austin, Texas, another pair of 3D-printed residences are set to become ready for the market later on in the year. Finally, in a small town of Italy, a group of architects have finalized a prototype for a 3D-printed home made out of clay.
The future will only tell if this method of construction will become popular enough to become the norm or if public concerns or regulations will prevent it from realizing its full potential.