Since 1811 Central-America, then known as the Captaincy General of Guatemala, was full independence fervor. At the beginning of September 1821, the Mexican independence was known in Guatemala. On September 15th of that same year, The independence act was written in Guatemala. The first news of “The Independence” came to Leon, capital of the Province of Nicaragua, September 22nd. The delegation of Leon had extremist realist ideas. On a meeting that took place on September 22nd, this group of people decided to tell the secretary of state of the Spanish government that they did not agree with what was said and written in Guatemala on September 15th and thus they had their complete support and help. The deputation before even asking the people agreed slavishly to give every bit of support to the colonial authorities, this way to suppress the independence outbreak emerged in the capital of the Kingdom also known as Guatemala.
The city council, in Nicaragua, for its part refused to approve the action taken by the delegation since its members were for independence. In September 28th “El Acta de Los Nublados” was written after the matter (independence) was discussed and after assessing the consequences that could arise from the declaration of independence. In which Nicaragua rejects the idea of being subject to the hegemony of Guatemala. At this time three members of the Provincial Council influenced Nicaragua to incorporate into the Mexican Empire within the Plan of Iguala – a revolutionary proclamation promulgated in the final stage of the Mexican war of independence from Spain.
To the city of Granada, the news of the independence arrived October 2nd, the Act and the “Acta de Los nublados” arrived together. After an extraordinary meeting, the city of Granada agreed to accept the Independence act and reject the “Acat de Los nublados.” With this Granada declares himself against the provincial capital. Masaya received this same news the same day as Granada and made a final decision the same day as Granada, October 4th, they had agreed on the independence act and rejected the “Acta de Los nublados”. Several days later Masaya received a copy of the provincial delegation about annexing to Mexico, and so they revoked what they have said on October 4th, and agreed on the annexation to Mexico.
The three main cities to participate in the decision of the independence were Leon, Granada, and Masaya. On October the 11th the Provincial Council of Leon agrees to annex to the Mexican Empire under, as said before, the Plan of iguala. In Leon independence was sworn according to the acts written on October 11, on the 13th of the same month by the provincial deputies. By all this arguments and ideas a war in central America surged. On January 5, 1822, Central America was annexed to Mexico. Granada was the only who stood against the annexation of Mexico, but it is believed that Granada annexed to Mexico between January 19th or February 4th of 1822.
This is the history of the Nicaraguan Independence. In conclusion, central America and Nicaragua, became independent on September 15th, with all these events written in this articles, it is believed that the actual independence of Nicaragua as a country was on April 30th of 1823.
Europa Press. “30 De Abril, El Día En Que Nicaragua Se Convirtió En Una Nación.” Notimerica.com, Europa Press, 30 Apr. 2016, www.notimerica.com/sociedad/noticia-30-abril-dia-nicaragua-convirtio-nacion-20160430105936.html.
El Nuevo Diario. “Las Fechas De Independencia De Centroamérica y Nicaragua.” El Nuevo Diario, 11 Sept. 2009,
Zelaya , Chester. Nicaragua En La Independencia . 1st ed., Fundación Vida, Colección Cultural De Centro América, 2004.